Posted November 30, 2013 by advocateguru in Learning Centre

State enactments prohibiting alienation of land by tribal to non – tribal

Article 46 of the constitution makes it an obligation upon States to promote the interests of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation. There is a major concentration of tribal population in Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan and West Bengal, apart from the north eastern States. State governments follow the policy of prohibiting transfer of land from tribes to non-tribal people and restoring the alienated land to the tribes.

The Department of Land Resources has also introduced the Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Bill, 2011 in the Parliament which envisages comprehensive rehabilitation and resettlement benefits and also includes special provisions for Scheduled Tribes.